Museums in Nanjing China

Historical Museum of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom

The Historical Museum of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom is the only national museum of particular history subject on the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. Its site, Zhanyuan Garden, is the only well-preserved Ming-style architectural complex in Nanjing. It was first built during the early Ming dynasty (1368 AD) by the general Xu Da, being a backyard garden of his residence. Since 1958, the Historical Museum of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom started to operate in Zhanyuan Garden. To this day, it has experienced the vicissitudes of the history of more than 600 years.

The Oriental Metropolitan Museum

Interested in the history of the Six Dynasties in ancient China? Come and visit the Oriental Metropolitan Museum in Nanjing! The museum is part of the ruins of the original Jiankang city (present-day Nanjing) of the Six Dynasties. Here you will be amazed at a rich variety of cultural exhibits dating back to thousands years ago. Feast your eyes on unearthed cultural relics ranging from celadon ware to terracotta figurines, ancient gravestone with an epitaph, historic building components, stone carvings and calligraphy and paintings works.

Tangshan-Fangshan National Geopark Museum

The Tangshan-Fangshan National Geopark Museum is located within a sprawling geopark lying at the northern foot of the Mount Tangshan, Jiangning District, Nanjing. Next to it is the world’s most fascinating archaeological site known for the 1993 discovery of Homo erectus nankinensis fossils – the Nanjing Man. Visitors look for not just stunning geological landscape here, but also an exciting adventure to the history of human evolution. Don't miss it if you are a big fan of geology and anthropology! 

Jiangnan Imperial Examination Museum

As one of the biggest imperial examination center in ancient China, it was built in the Southern Song Dynasty. At first, it was a venue for the examination at the county and prefectural levels. In 1368, after Zhu Yuanzhang established the Ming Dynasty and made his capital in Nanjing, it became a venue for the examination at the county and provincial levels. In 1421, when Zhu Di, third emperor of the Ming Dynasty, moved his capital to Beijing, it was taken as the venue for the examination at the county level.

The Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders

This memorial hall stands on the site of the massacre at Jiangdong Gate during the Nanjing Massacre and “Mass Grave of 10,000 Corpses”. It was completed and opened to the public in August, 1985, and was expanded first from 1994 to 1995, and then from 2005 to 2007. It covers an area of about 74,000 square meters with a floor space of 25,000 square meters and an exhibition area of 9,800 square meters. The new memorial hall was completed and opened to the public on December 13, 2007, the 70th anniversary of the Nanjing Massacre, which claimed 300,000 Chinese victims.

Purple Mountain Observatory

Situated on the top of the third peak of Purple Mountain, it was built in September 1934, which is the first institution for the research of modern astronomy in China. It has paid much attention on the popularization of sciences while doing research, and built the first historic museum of astronomy in China with self-financing. As the cradle of contemporary astronomy in our country, it has opened showrooms of ancient astronomical instruments of the Ming and Qing Dynasties with beautiful mountain scenery to visitors.


Nanjing Science and Technology Museum

Nanjing Science and Technology Museum is located in Ningnan New Area, Yuhuatai District, covering a floor space of 300,000 square meters. The main building covers a construction area of 30,000 square meters with a total investment of RMB 350 million Yuan. It includes the main building, special cinemas and a beautiful park. So we can say it’s a modern museum which integrates science and technology with humanities, arts and tourism. At present, it has become very popular with kids in and around Nanjing City as a place for popular science education.

Nanjing Municipal Museum

The Chaotian Palace, is located in Nanjing, China. It was built as an imperial palace in the Ming Dynasty, and today it is the Nanjing Municipal Museum. The palace covers an area of more than 70,000 square meters. The total building complex consists of three lines, with the central complex being the Wen Temple, which was built with precious materials, and the its yellow glazed tile was from Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province. Inside the palace, there are more than 100,000 cultural relics in collection.